4 years ago

Consistent trilayer biomechanical modeling of aortic valve leaflet tissue

Aortic valve tissue exhibits highly nonlinear, anisotropic, and heterogeneous material behavior due to its complex microstructure. A thorough understanding of these characteristics permits us to develop numerical models that can shed insight on the function of the aortic valve in health and disease. Herein, we take a closer look at consistently capturing the observed physical response of aortic valve tissue in a continuum mechanics framework. Such a treatment is the first step in developing comprehensive multiscale and multiphysics models. We highlight two important aspects of aortic valve tissue behavior: the role of the collagen fiber microstructure and the native prestressing. We propose a model that captures these two features as well as the heterogeneous layer-scale topology of the tissue. We find the model can reproduce the experimentally observed multiscale mechanical behavior in a manner that provides intuition on the underlying mechanics.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0021929017303111

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