4 years ago

Adsorption of phosphate from aqueous solution using electrochemically modified biochar calcium-alginate beads: Batch and fixed-bed column performance

Batch and continuous fixed-bed column studies were investigated using electrochemically modified biochar calcium-alginate beads (EMB-CABs) as an adsorbent for the removal of phosphate from aqueous solutions. Batch experiments revealed that the phosphate adsorption behavior of EMB-CABs and its structural characteristics were highly dependent on pH condition. Also, kinetics and equilibrium isotherms studies demonstrated that the experimental data correlated well with the pseudo-second-order and Sips isotherm models, respectively. The effects of different operating parameters such as bed height, initial phosphate concentration, and flow rate were investigated in a continuous fixed-bed column, and the experimental data were fitted to three different breakthrough models, the Adams-Bohart, Thomas, and Yoon-Nelson models. The results suggested that the Yoon-Nelson model showed better agreement with the breakthrough curves than other models. Lastly, the design parameters for a large-scale column were calculated via the scale-up approach using the breakthrough parameters obtained from lab-scale column tests.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S096085241731249X

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