4 years ago

Biochemical Adaptations Of The Retina And Retinal Pigment Epithelium Support A Metabolic Ecosystem In The Vertebrate Eye

S. E., A. L., C. C., Farnsworth, J. R., E. D., K. J., Sadilek, J. D., M. A., Giarmarco, K., Lindsay, Chao, J. B., Tsantilas, Linton, Parker, Kanow, Jankowski, M., Engel, M. M., C., Sloat, Du, J., S. R., Brockerhoff, Hurley
Here we report multiple lines of evidence for a comprehensive model for retinal energy metabolism. Metabolic flux, locations of key enzymes and our finding that glucose enters the neural retina almost entirely through photoreceptors support a conceptually new model for retinal metabolism. In this model, glucose from the choroidal blood supply passes through the retinal pigment epithelium to the retina where photoreceptors convert it to lactate. Photoreceptors then export the lactate as fuel for the retinal pigment epithelium and for neighboring Muller glial cells. A key feature of this model is that aerobic glycolysis in photoreceptors produces lactate to suppress glycolysis in the neighboring retinal pigment epithelium. That enhances the flow of glucose to the retina by minimizing consumption of glucose within the retinal pigment epithelium. This framework for metabolic relationships in retina provides new insights into the underlying causes of retinal disease, age-related vision loss and metabolism-based therapies.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/143347v1

DOI: 10.1101/143347

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