3 years ago

Effect of low COD/N ratios on stability of single-stage partial nitritation/anammox (SPN/A) process in a long-term operation

Effect of low COD/N ratios on stability of single-stage partial nitritation/anammox (SPN/A) process in a long-term operation
This study investigates the effects of varying COD/N ratios on single-stage partial nitritation/anammox (SPN/A) process in a SBR. The operational period was divided into three phases with different influent COD/N ratios (0.4, 0 and 0.5). Stable nitrogen removal was achieved in phase I with a COD/N of 0.4. In phase II COD was absent, effluent nitrite and nitrate increased and nitrogen removal performance gradually deteriorated. In phase III SPN/A failed to recover from nitrate accumulation when COD/N was increased. Microbial activity was measured and microbial community was analyzed by high-throughput sequencing. These results revealed that ordinary heterotrophic organisms (OHO) was suppressed when influent COD was absent, leading to the promotion of nitrification even at a low DO (0.2mgL−1). Therefore, nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) was gradually enriched and anammox bacteria was suppressed. Besides, it was observed that flocs were sensitive to influent COD variations than granules, which requires further investigation.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0960852417312439

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