4 years ago

Synthesis of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose using bleached crude cellulose fractionated from cornstalk

Synthesis of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose using bleached crude cellulose fractionated from cornstalk
In this study, crude cellulose derived from cornstalk, after bleaching, was used as raw material for the synthesis of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) by reacting with the cellulose with NaOH and chloroacetic acid at 75 °C for 1.5 h. Effects of alkali dosage, concentration of chloroacetic acid on the physical and chemical properties of the CMC products were investigated. It was revealed that the reactants alkali reagent/chloroacetic acid/cellulose at the molar ratio of 4.6:2.8:1and 4:2.5:1, or at the molar ratio of NaOH/ClCH2COOH ≈1.6–1.64, resulted in CMC products of relatively high water solubility. The viscosity-average molecular weight Mv of these two CMC products obtained at molar ratios of 4.0:2.5:1 and 4.6:2.8:1 is in the range of 1.94 × 104–2.48 × 104 g mol−1, and the average DS of the two products are 0.57 and 0.85, respectively. As the solute concentration is above 2 wt%, the viscosity of the CMC-water solution exhibits nonlinear (exponential) increasing with increasing the solute concentration (typical of non-Newton fluids).

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0961953417302027

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