4 years ago

Development of a colourimetric assay for glycosynthases

The synthesis of glycosidic structures by catalysis via glycosynthases has gained much interest due to the potential high product yields and specificity of the enzymes. Nevertheless, the characterisation and implementation of new glycosynthases is greatly hampered by the lack of high-throughput methods for reaction analysis and screening of potential glycosynthase variants. Fluoride detection, via silyl ether chemosensors, has recently shown high potential for the identification of glycosynthase mutants in a high-throughput manner, though limited by the low maximal detection concentration. In the present paper, we describe a new version of a glycosynthase activity assay using a silyl ether of p-nitrophenol, allowing fast reliable detection of fluoride even at concentrations of 4mM and higher. This improvement of detection allows not only screening and identification but also kinetic characterisation of glycosynthases and synthetic reactions in a fast microtiter plate format. The applicability of the assay was successfully demonstrated by the biochemical characterisation of the mesophilic β-glucosynthase of Abg-E358S (Rhizobium radiobacter) and psychrotolerant β-glucosynthase BglU-E377A (Micrococcus antarcticus). The limitation of hyperthermophilic glycosidases as potential glycosynthases, when using glycosyl fluoride donors, was also illustrated by the example of the putative β-galactosidase GalPf from Pyrococcus furiosus.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0168165617300597

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