3 years ago

Surfactant-mediated permeabilization of Pseudomonas putida KT2440 and use of the immobilized permeabilized cells in biotransformation

Surfactant-mediated permeabilization of Pseudomonas putida KT2440 and use of the immobilized permeabilized cells in biotransformation
Surfactants were used to permeabilize cells of Pseudomonas putida KT2440 so as to maximize retention of the arginine deiminase (ADI) activity within the treated cells. The surfactants cetyltrimethylammoniumbromide (CTAB), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and Triton X100 were tested separately. Statistical models were developed for the effects on the ADI activity of the following factors: the concentration of the surfactant, the length of the treatment period and the concentration of the cells. For all surfactants, the concentration of cells was the most significant factor in influencing permeabilization. All permeabilization treatments used mild conditions (pH 7, 37°C). The permeabilized cells were immobilized in alginate beads for the biotransformation of arginine to citrulline. The optimal conditions for immobilization and biotransformation were as follows: 2% (w/v, g/100mL) sodium alginate, 100g/L of treated cells, 40mM arginine, pH 6.0, a temperature of 35°C and an agitation speed of 150rpm. The immobilized biocatalyst retained nearly 90% of its initial activity after nine cycles of repeated use in batch operations. In contrast, the freely suspended cells were barely active after the second use cycle.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1359511317309789

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