5 years ago

Ethanol-to-methane activity of Geobacter-deprived anaerobic granules enhanced by conductive microparticles

Ethanol-to-methane activity of Geobacter-deprived anaerobic granules enhanced by conductive microparticles
Direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) has been typically proposed as mechanism of electron transfer among methanogenic populations in granules during anaerobic digestion where Geobacter species play a key role. Using anaerobic granules where Geobacteraceae members were not prevalent − representing only 0.3% of total bacteria −, tests incubated with two co-substrates showed that the rate of methanogenesis from formate and hydrogen diminished in the presence of a non-methanogenic co-substrate such as ethanol. This could indicate that biological DIET occurs and competes with hydrogen and formate during methanogenesis. Moreover, the addition of conductive microparticles, such as stainless steel and granular activated carbon, was found to increase methanogenic activity in disintegrated granules by 190±18% and 175±22% respectively as compared to disintegrated granules devoid of microparticles. The addition of non-conductive microparticles such as porcelain however decreased methanogenic activity by 65±3% of the disrupted granules without microparticle activity. These results indicate that syntrophic bacteria from anaerobic sludge excluding Geobacter species can also carry out conductive mineral mediated DIET.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1359511317301897

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