# A new quantum version of f-divergence.

This paper proposes and studies new quantum version of $f$-divergences, a class of convex functionals of a pair of probability distributions including Kullback-Leibler divergence, Rnyi-type relative entropy and so on. There are several quantum versions so far, including the one by Petz. We introduce another quantum version ($\mathrm{D}_{f}^{\max}$, below), defined as the solution to an optimization problem, or the minimum classical $f$- divergence necessary to generate a given pair of quantum states. It turns out to be the largest quantum $f$-divergence. The closed formula of $\mathrm{D}_{f}^{\max}$ is given either if $f$ is operator convex, or if one of the state is a pure state. Also, concise representation of $\mathrm{D}_{f}^{\max}$ as a pointwise supremum of linear functionals is given and used for the clarification of various properties of the quality.

Using the closed formula of $\mathrm{D}_{f}^{\max}$, we show: Suppose $f$ is operator convex. Then the\ maximum $f\,$- divergence of the probability distributions of a measurement under the state $\rho$ and $\sigma$ is strictly less than $\mathrm{D}_{f}^{\max}\left( \rho\Vert\sigma\right) $. This statement may seem intuitively trivial, but when $f$ is not operator convex, this is not always true. A counter example is $f\left( \lambda\right) =\left\vert 1-\lambda\right\vert $, which corresponds to total variation distance.

We mostly work on finite dimensional Hilbert space, but some results are extended to infinite dimensional case.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1311.4722

DOI: arXiv:1311.4722v4

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