3 years ago

Solid state fermentation of fig (Ficus carica L.) by-products using fungi to obtain phenolic compounds with antioxidant activity and qualitative evaluation of phenolics obtained

Solid state fermentation of fig (Ficus carica L.) by-products using fungi to obtain phenolic compounds with antioxidant activity and qualitative evaluation of phenolics obtained
An optimized method of solid-state fermentation (SSF) is reported for the valorization of fig (Ficus carica L.) by-products. Four fungal strains were screened for their capacity to enhance the release of total phenolic compounds (TPCs). Temperature, pH, moisture, and mineral composition were evaluated and optimized using a Box–Hunter–Hunter design and then central composite design was performed. The optimized SSF conditions were as follows: A. niger HT4 for 36h at 40°C; moisture, 60%; pH: 5.0; mineral composition (g/L): NaNO3: 0.57; KH2PO4: 3.04; MgSO4·7H2O: 1.52; and KCl: 5.37. Under the optimal SSF conditions, the experimental values (10.19±0.04mg of GAE/g of dm) matched with those predicted (10.37mg of GAE/g of dm) within a 95% confidence level. A total of eight phenolic compounds were identified by High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrophotometry (HPCL-MS). The optimized SSF bioprocess increased the TPC release and antioxidant activity values up to 5.48 and 98.54 times, respectively, showing its feasibility as a reliable alternative for the use of fig by-products.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1359511317304919

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.