3 years ago

Novel Structural Insights into GPCR–β-Arrestin Interaction and Signaling

Novel Structural Insights into GPCR–β-Arrestin Interaction and Signaling
Arun K. Shukla, Mithu Baidya, Hemlata Dwivedi, Mohit Kumar, Ravi Ranjan

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are major signal recognition and transmission units in the plasma membrane. The interaction of activated and phosphorylated GPCRs with the multifunctional adaptor proteins β-arrestins (βarrs) is crucial for regulation of their signaling and functional outcomes. Over the past few years, a range of structural, biochemical, and cellular studies have revealed novel insights into GPCR–βarr interaction and signaling. Some of these findings have come as a surprise and therefore have the potential to significantly refine the conceptual framework of the GPCR–βarr system. Here we discuss these recent advances with particular emphasis on biphasic GPCR–βarr interaction, the formation of GPCR–G-protein–βarr supercomplexes, and receptor-specific conformational signatures in βarrs. We also underline the emerging research areas that are likely to be at the center stage of investigations in the coming years.

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