5 years ago

Low-Noise and Large-Linear-Dynamic-Range Photodetectors Based on Hybrid-Perovskite Thin-Single-Crystals

Low-Noise and Large-Linear-Dynamic-Range Photodetectors Based on Hybrid-Perovskite Thin-Single-Crystals
Yanjun Fang, Chunxiong Bao, Jinsong Huang, Haotong Wei, Yehao Deng, Lingliang Li, Xun Xiao, Zhaolai Chen
Organic–inorganic halide perovskites are promising photodetector materials due to their strong absorption, large carrier mobility, and easily tunable bandgap. Up to now, perovskite photodetectors are mainly based on polycrystalline thin films, which have some undesired properties such as large defective grain boundaries hindering the further improvement of the detector performance. Here, perovskite thin-single-crystal (TSC) photodetectors are fabricated with a vertical p–i–n structure. Due to the absence of grain-boundaries, the trap densities of TSCs are 10–100 folds lower than that of polycrystalline thin films. The photodetectors based on CH3NH3PbBr3 and CH3NH3PbI3 TSCs show low noise of 1–2 fA Hz−1/2, yielding a high specific detectivity of 1.5 × 1013 cm Hz1/2 W−1. The absence of grain boundaries reduces charge recombination and enables a linear response under strong light, superior to polycrystalline photodetectors. The CH3NH3PbBr3 photodetectors show a linear response to green light from 0.35 pW cm−2 to 2.1 W cm−2, corresponding to a linear dynamic range of 256 dB. Photodetectors based on organic–inorganic halide perovskite thin-single-crystals (TSC) are fabricated. Due to the absence of grain-boundaries, very low trap densities, and small thickness (≈10 µm) of the TSC, the TSC photodetectors with vertical p–i–n structure show low noise (1–2 fA Hz−1/2), high specific detectivity (≈1.5 × 1013 cm Hz1/2 W−1), and large linear-dynamic-range (256 dB).

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201703209

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