5 years ago

Initial-Stage Oxidation of Ni3Al(100) and -(110) from Ab Initio Thermodynamics

Initial-Stage Oxidation of Ni3Al(100) and -(110) from Ab Initio Thermodynamics
Guangwen Zhou, Canying Cai, Likun Wang, Yichun Zhou
The microscopic mechanisms of the initial-stage oxidation of the Ni3Al(100) and Ni3Al(110) surfaces are comparatively studied using ab initio calculations based on density-functional theory and thermodynamics considerations. The surface energies of the two surfaces as functions of aluminum and oxygen chemical potentials are constructed and show that the formation of any antisite defects is not favorable at the Ni3Al(100) surface, whereas Al antisite defects are favorable at the Ni3Al(110) surface. The surface phase diagrams of the Ni3Al(100) and -(110) surfaces with different antisite defects and at the various oxygen coverages are determined. These results show that oxygen adsorption enhances Al surface segregation at the initial stage of oxidation for both surfaces and that the Ni3Al(100) surface is thermodynamically more favored to oxidize completely at a lower oxygen coverage than the Ni3Al(110) surface.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04674

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04674

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