5 years ago

Structure Of Allium Lachrymatory Factor Synthase Elucidates Catalysis On Sulfenic Acid Substrate

Tsuge, Sato, Fushinobu, M., S., Masamura, Kato, Aoyagi, Imai, Arakawa, J., Y., Takabe, T., Kamoi, N.
Natural lachrymatory effects are invoked by small volatile S-oxide compounds. They are produced through alkene sulfenic acids by the action of lachrymatory factor synthase (LFS). Here we present the crystal structures of onion LFS (AcLFS) revealed in solute-free and two solute-stabilized forms. Each structure adopts a single seven-stranded helix-grip fold possessing an internal pocket. Mutagenesis analysis localized the active site to a layer near the bottom of the pocket, which is adjacent to the deduced key residues Arg71, Glu88, and Tyr114. Solute molecules visible on the active site have suggested that AcLFS accepts various small alcohol compounds as well as its natural substrate, and they inhibit this substrate according to their chemistry. Structural homologs have been found in the SRPBCC superfamily, and comparison of the active sites has demonstrated that the electrostatic potential unique to AcLFS could work in capturing the substrate in its specific state. Finally, we propose a rational catalytic mechanism based on intramolecular proton shuttling in which the microenvironment of AcLFS can bypass the canonical [1,4]-sigmatropic rearrangement principle established by microwave studies. Beyond revealing how AcLFS generates the lachrymatory compound, this study provides insights into the molecular machinery dealing with highly labile organosulfur species.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/142687v1

DOI: 10.1101/142687

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