3 years ago

Comparison of cognitive and brain grey matter volume profiles between multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder

Masahiro Mori, Etsuko Hatsugano, Nobuyoshi Takahashi, Hiroki Masuda, Akiyuki Uzawa, Shigeki Hirano, Satoshi Kuwabara, Ryohei Ohtani, Tomohiko Uchida

by Hiroki Masuda, Shigeki Hirano, Nobuyoshi Takahashi, Etsuko Hatsugano, Akiyuki Uzawa, Tomohiko Uchida, Ryohei Ohtani, Satoshi Kuwabara, Masahiro Mori

Objective

Brain regions responsible for cognitive dysfunction in MS and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) are not known. Our aim of this study was to investigate whether cognitive function and brain volume differed between MS and NMOSD in Japanese patients.

Methods

Brain MRI and neuropsychological tests including the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III (WAIS-III), Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R), Trail Making Test (TMT) and Clinical Assessment for Attention (CAT) were performed. Parametric grey matter (GM) and white matter (WM) volumes determined from lesion-filled T1-weighted images using whole-brain voxel-based morphometry (VBM) were compared by two-tailed t test.

Results

Twenty relapsing-remitting MS and sixteen NMOSD patients were included. MS patients were younger than NMOSD patients. Processing speed intelligence quotient (IQ), general memory, verbal memory and delayed recall were significantly worse in MS patients than in NMOSD patients. Furthermore, left superior temporal gyrus (STG) GM volume was smaller in MS patients than in NMOSD patients (P < 0.05, family-wise error [FWE] corrected, Zmax = 4.97, 62 voxel). The left STG GM volume tended to be positively correlated with delayed recall in MS patients.

Conclusions

Despite being younger, MS patients demonstrated worse performance in certain cognitive variables than NMOSD patients, which might be associated with left STG GM volume loss.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184012

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