5 years ago

The molecular dynamics of long noncoding RNA control of transcription in PTEN and its pseudogene [Genetics]

The molecular dynamics of long noncoding RNA control of transcription in PTEN and its pseudogene [Genetics]
Kevin V. Morris, Jessica Groen, Sandro F. Ataide, Dan Grander, Galina Shevchenko, Per Johnsson, James L. Walshe, Linda Vidarsdottir, Nicholas Lister

RNA has been found to interact with chromatin and modulate gene transcription. In human cells, little is known about how long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) interact with target loci in the context of chromatin. We find here, using the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) pseudogene as a model system, that antisense lncRNAs interact first with a 5′ UTR-containing promoter-spanning transcript, which is then followed by the recruitment of DNA methyltransferase 3a (DNMT3a), ultimately resulting in the transcriptional and epigenetic control of gene expression. Moreover, we find that the lncRNA and promoter-spanning transcript interaction are based on a combination of structural and sequence components of the antisense lncRNA. These observations suggest, on the basis of this one example, that evolutionary pressures may be placed on RNA structure more so than sequence conservation. Collectively, the observations presented here suggest a much more complex and vibrant RNA regulatory world may be operative in the regulation of gene expression.

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