3 years ago

Accelerating Palladium Nanowire H2 Sensors Using Engineered Nanofiltration

Accelerating Palladium Nanowire H2 Sensors Using Engineered Nanofiltration
Reginald M. Penner, Il-Doo Kim, Ji-Soo Jang, Gaurav Jha, Won-Tae Koo, Vivian T. Chen, Shaopeng Qiao, Alana F. Ogata
The oxygen, O2, in air interferes with the detection of H2 by palladium (Pd)-based H2 sensors, including Pd nanowires (NWs), depressing the sensitivity and retarding the response/recovery speed in air—relative to N2 or Ar. Here, we describe the preparation of H2 sensors in which a nanofiltration layer consisting of a Zn metal–organic framework (MOF) is assembled onto Pd NWs. Polyhedron particles of Zn-based zeolite imidazole framework (ZIF-8) were synthesized on lithographically patterned Pd NWs, leading to the creation of ZIF-8/Pd NW bilayered H2 sensors. The ZIF-8 filter has many micropores (0.34 nm for gas diffusion) which allows for the predominant penetration of hydrogen molecules with a kinetic diameter of 0.289 nm, whereas relatively larger gas molecules including oxygen (0.345 nm) and nitrogen (0.364 nm) in air are effectively screened, resulting in superior hydrogen sensing properties. Very importantly, the Pd NWs filtered by ZIF-8 membrane (Pd NWs@ZIF-8) reduced the H2 response amplitude slightly (ΔR/R0 = 3.5% to 1% of H2 versus 5.9% for Pd NWs) and showed 20-fold faster recovery (7 s to 1% of H2) and response (10 s to 1% of H2) speed compared to that of pristine Pd NWs (164 s for response and 229 s for recovery to 1% of H2). These outstanding results, which are mainly attributed to the molecular sieving and acceleration effect of ZIF-8 covered on Pd NWs, rank highest in H2 sensing speed among room-temperature Pd-based H2 sensors.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b04529

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b04529

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