3 years ago

Predicting Catalytic Activity of Nanoparticles by a DFT-Aided Machine-Learning Algorithm

Predicting Catalytic Activity of Nanoparticles by a DFT-Aided Machine-Learning Algorithm
Ryoji Asahi, Ryosuke Jinnouchi
Catalytic activities are often dominated by a few specific surface sites, and designing active sites is the key to realize high-performance heterogeneous catalysts. The great triumphs of modern surface science lead to reproduce catalytic reaction rates by modeling the arrangement of surface atoms with well-defined single-crystal surfaces. However, this method has limitations in the case for highly inhomogeneous atomic configurations such as on alloy nanoparticles with atomic-scale defects, where the arrangement cannot be decomposed into single crystals. Here, we propose a universal machine-learning scheme using a local similarity kernel, which allows interrogation of catalytic activities based on local atomic configurations. We then apply it to direct NO decomposition on RhAu alloy nanoparticles. The proposed method can efficiently predict energetics of catalytic reactions on nanoparticles using DFT data on single crystals, and its combination with kinetic analysis can provide detailed information on structures of active sites and size- and composition-dependent catalytic activities.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b02010

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b02010

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