5 years ago

Improved dispersion of carbon nanotubes in poly(vinylidene fluoride) composites by hybrids with core–shell structure

Improved dispersion of carbon nanotubes in poly(vinylidene fluoride) composites by hybrids with core–shell structure
Zhimin Dang, Xiaoxin Lu, Delong He, Xiying Zhou, Jinbo Bai, Yuan Deng, Benhui Fan
Core–shell structure hybrids of carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/BaTiO3 (H-CNT-BT) and commercial multi-wall CNTs are respectively incorporated into poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) for preparing the composites near the percolation thresholds. A comprehensive investigation for CNT's dispersion and composite's conductivity is conducted between H-CNT-BT/PVDF and CNT/PVDF at different depths vertical to the injection's direction. Gradual increases of the conductivity in two composites are observed from the out-layer to the core part which infers an inhomogeneous CNT's dispersion in the interior of composites due to their migration under flow during the injection. However, the use of H-CNT-BT fillers with core–shell structure enables to reduce this inhomogeneous dispersion in the composite. Furthermore, the conductive network of CNTs in H-CNT-BT/PVDF is less sensitive to the thermal treatment than the one in CNT/PVDF composite, which infers the core–shell structure of hybrids can ameliorate the sensitivity of the conductive network. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2017, 134, 45693.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/app.45693

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