5 years ago

PCAF/GCN5-Mediated Acetylation of RPA1 Promotes Nucleotide Excision Repair

PCAF/GCN5-Mediated Acetylation of RPA1 Promotes Nucleotide Excision Repair
Qinjian Shen, Mei Zhou, Rui Geng, Weiguo Zhu, Yanfei Huo, Yanyan Zhong, Xiao Zhou, Yinglu Li, Ruoshi Yuan, Jiadong Wang, Xiang Guo, Meimei Zhao


The RPA complex can integrate multiple stress signals into diverse responses by activating distinct DNA repair pathways. However, it remains unclear how RPA1 elects to activate a specific repair pathway during different types of DNA damage. Here, we report that PCAF/GCN5-mediated K163 acetylation of RPA1 is crucial for nucleotide excision repair (NER) but is dispensable for other DNA repair pathways. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that the acetylation of RPA1 is critical for the steady accumulation of XPA at damaged DNA sites and preferentially activates the NER pathway. DNA-PK phosphorylates and activates PCAF upon UV damage and consequently promotes the acetylation of RPA1. Moreover, the acetylation of RPA1 is tightly regulated by HDAC6 and SIRT1. Together, our results demonstrate that the K163 acetylation of RPA1 plays a key role in the repair of UV-induced DNA damage and reveal how the specific RPA1 modification modulates the choice of distinct DNA repair pathways.

Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/cell-reports/fulltext/S2211-1247(17)31107-5

DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2017.08.015

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