5 years ago

Microtubule-organizing centers of Aspergillus nidulans are anchored at septa by a disordered protein

Microtubule-organizing centers of Aspergillus nidulans are anchored at septa by a disordered protein
Reinhard Fischer, Xiaolei Gao, Ying Zhang, Norio Takeshita, Stephen A. Osmani, Marjorie Schmid, Raphael Manck, Aysha H. Osmani
Microtubule-organizing centers (MTOCs) are large, multi-subunit protein complexes. Schizosaccharomyces pombe harbors MTOCs at spindle pole bodies, transient MTOCs in the division plane (eMTOCs) and nuclear-envelope associated MTOCs in interphase cells (iMTOCs). In the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans SPBs and septum-associated MTOCs were described. Although comparable to S. pombe eMTOCs, A. nidulans sMTOCS are permanent septum-associated structures. The composition of sMTOCs is poorly understood and how they are targeted to septa was unknown. Here, we show that in A. nidulans several SPB outer plaque proteins also locate to sMTOCs while other SPB proteins do not, including SfiA, a protein required for SPB duplication in S. cerevisiae and S. pombe and PcpA, the anchor for γ-TuSCs at the SPB inner plaque. The A. nidulans disordered protein Spa18Mto2 and the centrosomin-domain containing protein ApsBMto1 were required for recruiting the γ-TuRC component GcpC to sMTOCs and for seeding MT formation from septa. Testing different septum-associated proteins for a role in sMTOC function, Spa10 was identified. It forms a septal pore disk structure, recruits Spa18 and ApsB to septa and is required for sMTOC activity. This is the first evidence for a septum-specific protein, Spa10, as anchor for a specific class of MTOCs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. Microtubules are polymerized from large protein complexes with gamma tubulin as a central component. In fungi spindle pole bodies polymerize mitotic as well as cytoplasmic microtubules. There is good evidence that other microtubule-organizing centers exist at septa of filamentous fungi. We studied the composition of septal MTOCs in Aspergillus nidulans and identified a disordered protein required for their anchorage.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/mmi.13763

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