5 years ago

Production of a novel monoclonal antibody applicable for an immunochromatographic assay for Kudoa septempunctata spores contaminating the raw olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)

Kudoa septempunctata, a myxosporean parasite of the olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus), causes foodborne gastroenteritis after ingestion of contaminated raw flounder. Available methods to detect K. septempunctata require expensive equipment, well-trained personnel, and lengthy procedures. Here we generated a novel monoclonal antibody (MAb 15G11) against K. septempunctata and used it to produce a prototype immunochromatographic assay (prototype Kudoa-ICA). Within 15min, the prototype Kudoa-ICA detected ≥1.0×105 spores/mL in a spore suspension and ≥2.0×104 spores/g of P. olivaceus muscle. The prototype Kudoa-ICA weakly cross-reacted with spores of K. lateolabracis and K. iwatai. cDNA sequence, expression, and western blot analyses revealed that MAb 15G11 detected an approximately 24-kDa protein encoded by a 573bp mRNA. The cDNA nucleotide and predicted amino acid sequences were not significantly similar to any sequence in the GeneBank database. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed that MAb 15G11 reacted with the sporoplasmic cells and mainly with the capsulogenic cells of the K. septempunctata spore. Although the Kudoa-ICA was weakly cross-reactive with two other Kudoa species, it detected >1.0×106 spores/g of K. septempunctata in P. olivaceus muscle, which is the criterion used to indicate a violation of the Food Hygiene Law of Japan. We conclude that MAb 15G11 may be suitable for use in an immunochromatographic assay for screening P. olivaceus muscle contaminated with K. septempunctata at food distribution sites such as food wholesalers, grocery stores, and restaurants.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0168160517303379

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