3 years ago

Genotyping of Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis isolates from Chinese traditional sourdoughs by multilocus sequence typing and multiplex RAPD-PCR

Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis is the predominant lactic acid bacteria (LAB) species in Chinese traditional sourdoughs and conduces to the flavor and rheology properties of Chinese steamed bread, a staple food originated in China over 1500years ago. The aim of this study is to describe the intraspecific diversity of 98 L. sanfranciscensis isolates from 11 Chinese traditional sourdoughs in different regions by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and multiplex random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction (multiplex RAPD-PCR). MLST scheme was reduced from six gene fragments (gdh, gyrA, mapA, nox, pgmA and pta) to five (gdh, gyrA, mapA, nox and pta) since the fragment of pgmA displayed only one allele. 10 different sequence types (STs) were revealed by MLST and 6 of them containing 79.8% of the isolates were classified into one clonal complex, demonstrating a close relationship among them. The multiplex-RAPD analysis was performed by employing the combined primers OPL-05+RD1 and divided the 98 L. sanfranciscensis isolates into 6 types with the similarity level of 70%. According to the result, it seems that the genotypic variations of L. sanfranciscensis strains showed by MLST have no relations to geographical origin. MLST seems to have a higher discriminatory power compared with multiplex-RAPD since it produced more groups, but multiplex-RAPD could help to distinguish some strains in the same ST. Hence, an optimal genotypic characterization of L. sanfranciscensis was obtained under the combination of MLST and multiplex-RAPD analysis, targeting different genetic variations.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0168160517303100

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