4 years ago

Validation of a commercial kit aimed to the detection of pathogenic anisakid nematodes in fish products

Anisakids are parasitic nematodes responsible for a zoonosis that occurs following the ingestion of fish and fish products infected with larvae belonging to the genera Anisakis and Pseudoterranova. Rarely Contracaecum is found in association with gastric/intestinal illness, while Hysterothylacium is commonly considered not pathogenic. Although Real Time PCR assays have been recently used with the aim to detect and quantify these parasites in food products, methods applied did not undergo through extensive validation process, a feature highly desirable or mandatory in the case of testing laboratories accredited for the ISO EN 17025:2005. Here, a comprehensive study has been performed to validate a commercial kit based on multiplex real time PCR for the qualitative detection of Anisakis and Pseudoterranova. Inclusivity/exclusivity trials were carried out on DNA from species of the genera Anisakis, Pseudoterranova, Contracaecum, Hysterothylacium and Ascaris, on fish intentionally contaminated with Anisakis spp. and Pseudoterranova spp. and on marine organisms as fish, crustacean and squid to test the commercial kit on a large sample. The assay gave positive amplification for several Anisakis and Pseudoterranova species, while providing no signal for the members of the remaining genera. Each sample was correctly assigned either to Anisakis or Pseudoterranova, thus indicating that no cross-reaction occurred. The LOD was determined using two independent standard curves. Robustness was assayed by using two different thermocyclers in three distinct laboratories with different operators. The establishment of a validation dossier will permit the use of the commercial kit for the detection of Anisakis and Pseudoterranova DNA in fish and fish products intended for human consumption by public or private laboratories, following the requirements regarding the quality assurance processes described in the ISO EN 17025:2005.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0168160517302799

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