3 years ago

From complex gut communities to minimal microbiomes via cultivation

From complex gut communities to minimal microbiomes via cultivation
The mammalian gut microbiota is dominated by populations of bacteria, mostly strict anaerobes. Because these bacteria can influence the health of their host, it is important to investigate their diversity and functions, which can be done via culture-based or molecular approaches. In recent years, microbiologists have very often preferred the use of molecular techniques, as they do not limit the analysis to the fraction of communities that can be grown in the laboratory. In reality, cultivation and molecular methods are complementary, and we are now witnessing a period of unification. Obtaining strains that can be grown in vitro is currently indispensable for the description of novel diversity and eventually the improvement of taxonomic and sequence databases. Moreover, cultivation allows using host-specific minimal consortia of microbes that are helpful for detailed and standardized studies of gut microbial communities and microbe-host interactions. Molecular techniques are helpful because they can provide insights into strain-level diversity and the functional potential of organisms. Furthermore, genomic and metagenomic data allow inferring growth conditions for uncultured bacteria and also enable detailed genetic studies. In the present manuscript, we highlight recent work on culture-based investigation of mammalian gut bacteria and microbe-host interactions and give our opinions on challenges and perspectives in the field.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1369527417300085

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.