3 years ago

Population pharmacokinetics of teicoplanin and attainment of pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic targets in adult patients with haematological malignancy

To describe the population pharmacokinetics of teicoplanin in adult patients with haematological malignancies receiving higher than standard doses, and to perform Monte Carlo simulations to determine dosing regimens associated with optimal teicoplanin concentrations. Methods This was a hospital-based clinical trial (EudraCT 2013–004535–72). Nine blood samples were collected on Day 3, plus single trough samples on Days 7 and 10, and 24 and 48 hours after the last dose. Teicoplanin minimum inhibitory concentrations were determined for Gram-positive isolates from study patients. Population pharmacokinetic analyses and Monte Carlo dosing simulations were undertaken using Pmetrics. Results Thirty adult haematological malignancy patients were recruited with a mean (SD) loading dose, age, total body weight, and creatinine clearance of 9.5 (1.9) mg/kg, 63 (12) years, 69.1 (15.8) kg, and 72 (41) mL/min, respectively. A three-compartment linear pharmacokinetic model best described the teicoplanin concentration data. Covariates supported for inclusion in the final model were creatinine clearance for clearance and total body weight for volume of the central compartment. The median (IQR) area under the concentration-time curve from 48 to 72 hours (AUC48–72h) was 679 (319) mg.h/L. There was a strong correlation between the AUC48–72h and trough concentration at 72 hours (Pearson correlation coefficient 0.957, p <0.001). Dosing simulations showed that administration of five loading doses at 12-hourly intervals, stratified by total body weight and creatinine clearance, increased the probability of achieving target concentrations within 72 hours. Conclusions To increase the number of patients achieving optimal teicoplanin concentrations an individualized dosing approach, based on body weight and creatinine clearance, is recommended.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1198743X17301295

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