3 years ago

Model for Quality Control of Allergen Products with Mass Spectrometry

Model for Quality Control of Allergen Products with Mass Spectrometry
Thomas Schulenborg, Andreas Reuter, Michael Karas, Luisa Schwaben, Jelena Spiric, Anna M. Engin
Birch pollen allergy is diagnosed and treated with aqueous extracts from birch pollen, which contain a mixture of allergens and nonallergenic proteins, including large numbers of closely related sequence variants, so-called iso-allergens of the major allergen, Bet v 1. The quality of therapeutic and diagnostic allergen products largely depends on the allergen and iso-allergen composition. Several biochemical methods are currently applied to detect and quantify allergens and to record protein profiles without differentiating between iso-allergens. Mass spectrometry (MS) may entirely replace these technologies, as it allows sequence specific identification and quantification of proteins and protein profiles including sequence variants in one run. However, the protein inference problem still hampers the automatic assignment of peptide sequences to proteins, consequently impeding the quantification of sequence variants. Therefore, the aim of the study was to set up semitargeted analyses of label-free MS data that allow unambiguous identification and quantification of birch pollen allergens and nonallergenic proteins. We combined data independent acquisition with manual assignment of predefined target sequences for quantification of iso-allergens and automatic quantification of other allergens and nonallergenic proteins. The quantitative data for birch pollen allergens and sequence variants of Bet v 1 were further confirmed by multiple reaction monitoring.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00490

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00490

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