5 years ago

Genome-wide genetic structure and differentially selected regions among Landrace, Erhualian, and Meishan pigs using specific-locus amplified fragment sequencing

Qifa Li, Dongfeng Li, Zhaowei Cai, Lifan Zhang, Wei Wei, Hejun Li, Zhen Li, Shengjuan Wei, Jie Chen, Keliang Wu, Honglin Liu
As typical Chinese indigenous pig breeds, Erhualian and Meishan have been widely used to produce new strain or breed in the world. However, the genetic basis of characteristics of these pig breeds is still limited. Moreover, considering cost and output of sequencing, it is necessary to further develop cost-effective method for pig genome screening. To contribute on this issue, we developed a SLAF-seq (specific-locus amplified fragment sequencing) method for pigs and applied it to analyze the genetic difference among Landrace, Erhualian, and Meishan pigs. A total of 453.75 million reads were produced by SLAF-seq. After quality-control, 165,670 SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) were used in further analysis. The results showed that Landrace had distinct genetic relationship compared to Erhualian (FST = 0.5480) and Meishan (FST = 0.5800), respectively, while Erhualian and Meishan held the relatively close genetic relationship (FST = 0.2335). Furthermore, a genome-wide scanning revealed 268 differentially selected regions (DSRs) with 855 genes and 256 DSRs with 347 genes between Landrace and the two Chinese indigenous pig breeds and between Erhualian and Meishan, respectively. This study provides a new cost-effective method for pig genome study and might contribute to a better understanding on the formation mechanism of genetic difference among pigs with different geographical origins.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-09969-6

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-09969-6

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