3 years ago

Fusion Domains Guide the Oriented Insertion of Light-Driven Proton Pumps into Liposomes

Fusion Domains Guide the Oriented Insertion of Light-Driven Proton Pumps into Liposomes
David Kalbermatter, Stephan Hirschi, Dimitrios Fotiadis, Noah Ritzmann, Daniel J. Müller, Johannes Thoma

Abstract

One major objective of synthetic biology is the bottom-up assembly of minimalistic nanocells consisting of lipid or polymer vesicles as architectural scaffolds and of membrane and soluble proteins as functional elements. However, there is no reliable method to orient membrane proteins reconstituted into vesicles. Here, we introduce a simple approach to orient the insertion of the light-driven proton pump proteorhodopsin (PR) into liposomes. To this end, we engineered red or green fluorescent proteins to the N- or C-terminus of PR, respectively. The fluorescent proteins optically identified the PR constructs and guided the insertion of PR into liposomes with the unoccupied terminal end facing inward. Using the PR constructs, we generated proton gradients across the vesicle membrane along predefined directions such as are required to power (bio)chemical processes in nanocells. Our approach may be adapted to direct the insertion of other membrane proteins into vesicles.

Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/biophysj/fulltext/S0006-3495(17)30672-0

DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2017.06.022

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.