Protonation-State-Dependent Communication in Cytochrome c Oxidase
Proton transfer in cytochrome c oxidase from the cellular inside to the binuclear redox center (BNC) can occur through two distinct pathways, the D- and K-channels. For the protein to function as both a redox enzyme and a proton pump, proton transfer into the protein toward the BNC or toward a proton loading site (and ultimately through the membrane) must be highly regulated. The PR → F transition is the first step in a catalytic cycle that requires proton transfer from the bulk at the N-side to the BNC. Molecular dynamics simulations of the PR → F intermediate of this transition, with 16 different combinations of protonation states of key residues in the D- and K-channel, show the impact of the K-channel on the D-channel to be protonation-state dependent. Strength as well as means of communication, correlations in positions, or communication along the hydrogen-bonded network depends on the protonation state of the K-channel residue K362. The conformational and hydrogen-bond dynamics of the D-channel residue N139 is regulated by an interplay of protonation in the D-channel and K362. N139 thus assumes a gating function by which proton passage through the D-channel toward E286 is likely facilitated for states with protonated K362 and unprotonated E286. In contrast, proton passage through the D-channel is hindered by N139's preference for a closed conformation in situations with protonated E286.
Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/biophysj/fulltext/S0006-3495(17)30798-1
Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.
Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.