5 years ago

Antifouling Thermoplastic Composites with Maleimide Encapsulated in Clay Nanotubes

Antifouling Thermoplastic Composites with Maleimide Encapsulated in Clay Nanotubes
Evgenii Ivanov, Wencai Wang, Liqun Zhang, Ye Fu, Yuri Lvov, Congcong Gong
An antifouling ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA) coating with halloysite clay nanotubes loaded with maleimide (TCPM) is prepared. Such antifoulant encapsulation allowed for extended release of TCPM and a long-lasting, efficient protection of the coated surface against marine microorganisms proliferation. Halloysite also induces the composite’s anisotropy due to parallel alignment of the nanotubes. The maleimide loaded halloysite incorporated into the polymer matrix allowed for 12-month release of the bacterial inhibitor preventing fouling; it is much longer than the 2–3 month protection when TCPM is directly admixed into EVA. The antifouling properties of the EVA-halloysite nanocomposites were tested by monitoring surface adhesion and proliferation of marine V. natriegens bacteria with SEM. As compared to the composite directly doped with TCPM-antifoulant, there were much less bacteria accumulated on the EVA-halloysite-TCPM coating after a 2-month exposure to seawater. Field tests at South China Sea marine station further confirmed the formulation efficiency. The doping of 28 wt % TCPM loaded halloysite drastically enhanced material antifouling property, which promises wide applications for protective marine coating.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b09677

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b09677

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