5 years ago

Design and Synthesis of Hierarchical SiO2@C/TiO2 Hollow Spheres for High-Performance Supercapacitors

Design and Synthesis of Hierarchical SiO2@C/TiO2 Hollow Spheres for High-Performance Supercapacitors
Zhengliang Yin, Yan Zhao, Ying Zhang, Li Cheng, Shunsheng Cao, Limin Wu
TiO2 has been widely investigated as an electrode material because of its long cycle life and good durability, but the relatively low theoretical capacity restricts its practical application. Herein, we design and synthesize novel hierarchical SiO2@C/TiO2 (HSCT) hollow spheres via a template-directed method. These unique HSCT hollow spheres combine advantages from both TiO2 such as cycle stability and SiO2 with a high accessible area and ionic transport. In particular, the existence of a C layer is able to enhance the electrical conductivity. The SiO2 layer with a porous structure can increase the ion diffusion channels and accelerate the ion transfer from the outer to the inner layers. The electrochemical measurements demonstrate that the HSCT-hollow-sphere-based electrode manifests a high specific capacitance of 1018 F g–1 at 1 A g–1 which is higher than those for hollow TiO2 (113 F g–1) and SiO2/TiO2 (252 F g–1) electrodes, and substantially higher than those of all the previously reported TiO2-based electrodes.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b08776

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b08776

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