3 years ago

Integrated Nanoparticles To Synergistically Elevate Tumor Oxidative Stress and Suppress Antioxidative Capability for Amplified Oxidation Therapy

Integrated Nanoparticles To Synergistically Elevate Tumor Oxidative Stress and Suppress Antioxidative Capability for Amplified Oxidation Therapy
Wendong Ke, Zengshi Zha, Wei Yin, Zhishen Ge, Junjie Li
The improved antioxidant system of cancer cells renders them well-adaptive to the intrinsic oxidative stress in tumor tissues. On the other hand, cancer cells are more sensitive to elevated tumor oxidative stress as compared with normal cells due to their deficient reactive oxygen species-eliminating systems. Oxidation therapy of cancers refers to the strategy of killing cancer cells through selectively increasing the oxidative stress in tumor tissues. In this article, to amplify the oxidation therapy, we develop integrated nanoparticles with the properties to elevate tumor oxidative stress and concurrently suppress the antioxidative capability of cancer cells. The amphiphilic block copolymer micelles of poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly[2-((((4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)benzyl)oxy)carbonyl)oxy)ethyl methacrylate] (PEG-b-PBEMA) are integrated with palmitoyl ascorbate (PA) to form hybrid micelles (PA-Micelle). PA molecules at pharmacologic concentrations serve as a prooxidant to upregulate the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) level in tumor sites and the PBEMA segment exhibits H2O2-triggered release of quinone methide for glutathione depletion to suppress the antioxidative capability of cancer cells, which synergistically and selectively kill cancer cells for tumor growth suppression. Given the significantly low side toxicity against normal tissues, this novel integrated nanoparticle design represents a novel class of nanomedicine systems for high-efficiency oxidation therapy with the potentials to be translated to clinical applications.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b08347

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b08347

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