3 years ago

Tunable electrical conductivity of polystyrene/polyamide-6/carbon nanotube blend nanocomposites via control of morphology and nanofiller localization

Tunable electrical conductivity of polystyrene/polyamide-6/carbon nanotube blend nanocomposites via control of morphology and nanofiller localization
The electrical conductivity and percolation behavior of polymer blend nanocomposites were investigated asa consequence of polymer-filler interaction and blend morphology. The nanocomposites were derived from melt compounding of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in polystyrene (PS)/polyamide 6 (PA6) blends. The electrical conductivity of co-continuous PS/PA6 (50/50) blends remained constant in the semi-conductive region (6.75×10−8–1.50×10−7 S·cm−1) over a wide range of CNT loading (0.5–3.5 phr). Nevertheless, (50/50) blends presented higher electrical conductivity than PA6/CNT nanocomposites with the same effective CNT concentration. Contrary to common intuitions, at high loadings of CNTs, higher electrical conductivity was observed for the blends wherein the CNT-rich PA6 phase was in the form of dispersed droplet morphology rather than co-continuous one. For instance, at the CNT loading of 3.5 phr, the conductivity of blend with PS/PA6 volume ratio of (90/10) is approximately 4 orders of magnitude higher than co-continuous (50/50) blend. This observation is attributed to a two-level percolation mechanism (primary and secondary), as verified by optical and transmission electron microscopy. The primary percolation occurs by selective localization of CNTs in PA6 droplets due to their thermodynamic affinity for the PA6 phase. Once the PA6 droplets are impregnated with CNTs, the excess CNTs (at high loadings) localize in the PS phase and act as effective electrical bridges for the highly conductive PA6 droplets (secondary percolation).

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0014305717311138

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.