3 years ago

Metal-Free Synthesis of 2-Aminobenzothiazoles via Iodine-Catalyzed and Oxygen-Promoted Cascade Reactions of Isothiocyanatobenzenes with Amines

Metal-Free Synthesis of 2-Aminobenzothiazoles via Iodine-Catalyzed and Oxygen-Promoted Cascade Reactions of Isothiocyanatobenzenes with Amines
Bin Li, Xuesen Fan, Xinying Zhang, Yuanshuang Xu
In this paper, a highly efficient and sustainable synthesis of 2-aminobenzothiazoles through the cascade reactions of isothiocyanatobenzenes with primary or secondary amines by using iodine as a catalyst and oxygen as an oxidant is presented. Mechanistically, the formation of the title compounds involves the in situ formation of the required benzothiourea intermediate followed by its intramolecular cross dehydrogenative coupling of a C(sp2)–H bond and a S–H bond. To our knowledge, this should be the first example in which 2-aminobenzothiazoles are efficiently prepared from simple and cheap isothiocyanates and amines under metal-free conditions by using iodine as a catalyst and molecular oxygen as an oxidant with water as the byproduct. Compared with literature protocols, this method eliminates the use of ortho-halo-substituted precursors, expensive transition-metal catalysts, and hazardous oxidants.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.7b01683

DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.7b01683

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