5 years ago

Smart N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands in Catalysis

Smart N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands in Catalysis
Eduardo Peris
It is well-recognized that N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands have provided a new dimension to the design of homogeneous catalysts. Part of the success of this type of ligands resides in the limitless access to a variety of topologies with tuned electronic properties, but also in the ability of a family of NHCs that are able to adapt their properties to the specific requirements of individual catalytic transformations. The term “smart” is used here to refer to switchable, multifunctional, adaptable, or tunable ligands and, in general, to all those ligands that are able to modify their steric or electronic properties to fulfill the requirements of a defined catalytic reaction. The purpose of this review is to comprehensively describe all types of smart NHC ligands by focusing attention on the catalytically relevant ligand-based reactivity.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.6b00695

DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.6b00695

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