4 years ago

Regulation of the Stability of the Histone H2A–H2B Dimer by H2A Tyr57 Phosphorylation

Regulation of the Stability of the Histone H2A–H2B Dimer by H2A Tyr57 Phosphorylation
Takuma Sueoka, Gosuke Hayashi, Akimitsu Okamoto
Histone H2A and H2B form a H2A–H2B heterodimer, which is a fundamental unit of nucleosome assembly and disassembly. Several posttranslational modifications change the interface between the H2A–H2B dimer and the H3–H4 tetramer and regulate nucleosome stability. However, posttranslational modifications associated with the interface between H2A and H2B have not been discussed. In this paper, it is shown that Tyr57 phosphorylation in H2A strongly influences H2A–H2B dimerization. Tyr57-phosphorylated H2A was chemically synthesized and utilized to reconstitute the H2A–H2B dimer and nucleosome as well as canonical H2A. Thermal shift assays showed that phosphorylation destabilized the dimer and facilitated dissociation of H2A and H2B from the nucleosome structure. The proximity between H2A Tyr57 and the H2B αC helix is assumed to lead the destabilization. The DNA accessibility of the nucleosome was estimated by using micrococcal nuclease. The phosphorylated nucleosome did not change DNA accessibility compared to that of the canonical nucleosome. It is demonstrated that phosphorylation at Tyr57 changes the H2A–H2B dimer interaction but does not interfere with histone–DNA interactions. This work on the destabilization of the H2A–H2B dimer by Tyr57 phosphorylation is a promising step in elucidating control mechanisms of dynamic behavior of H2A and H2B through posttranslational modifications.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00504

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00504

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