5 years ago

Linker structure-activity relationships in fluorodeoxyglucose chlorambucil conjugates for tumor-targeted chemotherapy

Linker structure-activity relationships in fluorodeoxyglucose chlorambucil conjugates for tumor-targeted chemotherapy
Nitrogen mustards, such as chlorambucil (CLB), can cause adverse side-effects due to ubiquitous distribution in non-target organs. To minimize this toxicity, strategies of tumor-targeting drug delivery have been developed, where a cytotoxic warhead is linked to a tumor-cell-specific small ligand. Malignant cells exhibit marked glucose avidity and an accelerated metabolism by aerobic glycolysis, known as the Warburg effect, and recognized as a hallmark of cancer. A targeting approach exploiting the Warburg effect by conjugation of CLB to 2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) was previously reported and identified two peracetylated glucoconjugates 2 and 3 with promising antitumor activities in vivo. These results prompted us to investigate the importance of the spacer in this tumor-targeting glucose-based conjugates. Here we report the chemical synthesis and an in vitro cytotoxicity evaluation, using a 5-member panel of human carcinoma cell lines and human fibroblasts, of 16 new CLB glucoconjugates in which the alkylating drug is attached to the C-1 position of FDG via different linkages. We studied the structure-activity relationships in the linker, and evidenced the positive impact of an aromatic linker on in vitro cytotoxicity: compound 51 proved to be the most active FDG-CLB glucoside, characterized by a bis-aromatic spacer tethered to CLB through an amide function.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0968089617310143

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