5 years ago

Self-induction system for cellulase production by cellobiose produced from glucose in Rhizopus stolonifer

Guocheng Du, Yingying Zhang, Bin Tang
Cellulolytic fungi have evolved a sophisticated genetic regulatory network of cellulase synthesis to adapt to the natural environment. Even in the absence of lignocellulose, it still secretes low levels of “constitutive” cellulase for standby application. However, the mechanisms of this constitutive expression remain incompletely understood. Here we identified a cellobiose synthetase (CBS) from Rhizopus stolonifer, which has the capacity to catalyse the synthesis of cellobiose from uridine diphosphate glucose (UDPG). Through the construction of R. stolonifer Δcbs strain, we found that CBS plays a key role in the synthesis of cellulase. Further analysis of cellulase synthesis under glucose culture reveals that the cellobiose-responsive regulator CLR1 was activated by CBS-synthesized cellobiose, thereby promoting the expression of CLR2 and finally opening the transcription of cellulase genes. Our results suggest that R. stolonifer can be induced by self-synthesized cellobiose to produce cellulase, which can be used to reconstruct the expression regulation network to achieve rapid production of cellulase using simple carbon source. Based on our data, the “constitutive expression” of cellulase actually derives from the induction of cellobiose that synthesized by CBS from carbohydrate metabolites, which updates our knowledge of cellulase, and provides a novel insight into the regulation of cellulase synthesis.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-10964-0

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-10964-0

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