3 years ago

Genetically Encoded Fluorescent Probe for Detecting Sirtuins in Living Cells

Genetically Encoded Fluorescent Probe for Detecting Sirtuins in Living Cells
Anzhi Yao, Weimin Xuan, Peter G. Schultz
Sirtuins are NAD+ dependent protein deacetylases, which are involved in many biological processes. We now report a novel genetically encoded fluorescent probe (EGFP-K85AcK) that responds to sirtuins in living cells. The probe design exploits a lysyl residue in EGFP that is essential for chromophore maturation, and is also an efficient deacetylation substrate for sirtuins. Analysis of activity in Escherichia coli ΔcobB revealed that the probe can respond to various human sirtuins, including SIRT1, SIRT2, SIRT3 and SIRT5. We also directly monitored SIRT1 and SIRT2 activity in HEK293T cells with an mCherry fusion of EGFP-K85AcK, and showed that this approach can be extended to other fluorescent proteins. Finally, we demonstrate that this approach can be used to examine the activity of sirtuins toward additional lysyl posttranslational modifications, and show that sirtuins can act as erasers of HibK modified proteins.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b05725

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b05725

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