4 years ago

Self-Assembled Peptide-Carbon Nitride Hydrogel as a Light-Responsive Scaffold Material

Self-Assembled Peptide-Carbon Nitride Hydrogel as a Light-Responsive Scaffold Material
Sahng Ha Lee, Jinhyun Kim, Su Keun Kuk, Jong Wan Ko, Chan Beum Park, Woo Seok Choi
Peptide self-assembly is a facile route to the development of bioorganic hybrid materials that have sophisticated nanostructures toward diverse applications. Here, we report the synthesis of self-assembled peptide (Fmoc-diphenylalanine, Fmoc-FF)/graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) hydrogels for light harvesting and biomimetic photosynthesis through noncovalent interactions between aromatic rings in Fmoc-FF nanofibers and tris-s-triazine in g-C3N4 nanosheets. According to our analysis, the photocurrent density of the Fmoc-FF/g-C3N4 hydrogel was 1.8× higher (0.82 μA cm–1) than that of the pristine g-C3N4. This is attributed to effective exfoliation of g-C3N4 nanosheets in the Fmoc-FF/g-C3N4 network, facilitating photoinduced electron transfers. The Fmoc-FF/g-C3N4 hydrogel reduced NAD+ to enzymatically active NADH under light illumination at a high rate of 0.130 mol g–1 h–1 and drove light-responsive redox biocatalysis. Moreover, the Fmoc-FF/g-C3N4 scaffold could well-encapsulate key photosynthetic components, such as electron mediators, cofactors, and enzymes, without noticeable leakage, while retaining their functions within the hydrogel. The prominent activity of the Fmoc-FF/g-C3N4 hydrogel for biomimetic photosynthesis resulted from the easy transfer of photoexcited electrons from electron donors to NAD+ via g-C3N4 and electron mediators as well as the hybridization of key photosynthetic components in a confined space of the nanofiber network.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biomac.7b00889

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biomac.7b00889

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