5 years ago

Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging Detection of Sub-femtomolar MicroRNA

Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging Detection of Sub-femtomolar MicroRNA
Feichi Hu, Yi Chen, Jiying Xu
MicroRNA (miRNA) is a promising new type of biomarkers but at a low fM level and hard to be analyzed. Herein proposed is an innovated surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) method merged with a novel in-plane and vertical signal amplification strategy, that is, orthogonal signal amplification to enable a direct determination of sub-fM miRNA-15a (a multiple tumor diagnostic biomarker). The core idea is to add more mass on a target sample spot first along the surficial direction, then upward from the surface. In detection of miRNA, this was realized by coupling a miRNA-initiated surficial cyclic DNA–DNA hybridization reaction with a DNA-initiated upward cyclic polymerization reaction. A perfect SPRi sensing chip with isolated gold islands bordered by hydrophobic CYTOP was fabricated and used to obtain high-quality chip with low fabrication difficulty. As a result, SPRi contrast largely increases, able to reach a limit of detection and limit of quantification down to 0.56 and 5fM for miRNA-15a, about 107-fold improvement of sensitivity compared with a common SPRi detection. The method could quantify standard miRNA-15a spiked in human serum with an ideal recovery ranging from 98.6% to 104.9% and was validated to be applicable to the direct determination of miRNA-15a in healthy and cancer human serums. The orderly and controllable in situ sensitizing strategy is powerful and readily extendable to detection of other miRNAs.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b02838

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b02838

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.