5 years ago

Crotonases: Nature’s Exceedingly Convertible Catalysts

Crotonases: Nature’s Exceedingly Convertible Catalysts
Christopher T. Lohans, Christopher J. Schofield, David Y. Wang, Refaat B. Hamed, Jimmy Wang
The crotonases comprise a widely distributed enzyme superfamily that has multiple roles in both primary and secondary metabolism. Many crotonases employ oxyanion hole-mediated stabilization of intermediates to catalyze the reaction of coenzyme A (CoA) thioester substrates (e.g., malonyl-CoA, α,β-unsaturated CoA esters) both with nucleophiles and, in the case of enolate intermediates, with varied electrophiles. Reactions of crotonases that proceed via a stabilized oxyanion intermediate include the hydrolysis of substrates including proteins, as well as hydration, isomerization, nucleophilic aromatic substitution, Claisen-type, and cofactor-independent oxidation reactions. The crotonases have a conserved fold formed from a central β-sheet core surrounded by α-helices, which typically oligomerizes to form a trimer or dimer of trimers. The presence of a common structural platform and mechanisms involving intermediates with diverse reactivity implies that crotonases have considerable potential for biocatalysis and synthetic biology, as supported by pioneering protein engineering studies on them. In this Perspective, we give an overview of crotonase diversity and structural biology and then illustrate the scope of crotonase catalysis and potential for biocatalysis.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b01699

DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.7b01699

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.