5 years ago

A Weakly Coordinating Anion Substantially Enhances Carbon Dioxide Fixation by Calcium and Barium Salts

A Weakly Coordinating Anion Substantially Enhances Carbon Dioxide Fixation by Calcium and Barium Salts
Nadezhda A. Andreeva, Pavel N. Vorontsov-Velyaminov, Vitaly V. Chaban
Carbon dioxide fixation and storage constitute a drastically important problem for humanity nowadays. We hereby publish a new solution based on the alkaline earth salts with a weakly coordinating anion, tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)borate. The proposed solution was validated using a robust combination of global minimum search and molecular dynamics simulations utilizing a well-tested, reliable semiempirical Hamiltonian to monitor chemical reactions. Calcium tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)borate captures 5.5 CO2 molecules per calcium atom, whereas barium tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)borate captures 3.6 CO2 molecules per calcium atom. These capacities are much higher, as compared to the established carbonate technology, which fixes only one CO2 molecule per one metal atom. The conducted simulations reveal that electrostatic binding of CO2 to alkaline earth cations is more technologically interesting than formation of carbonate salts. Our simulation results can be directly validated by sorption measurements.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b01024

DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b01024

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