3 years ago

In vitro degradation and possible hydrolytic mechanism of PHBV nanocomposites by incorporating cellulose nanocrystal-ZnO nanohybrids

In vitro degradation and possible hydrolytic mechanism of PHBV nanocomposites by incorporating cellulose nanocrystal-ZnO nanohybrids
Fabrication and characterization of bbiodegradable nanocomposites based on poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) matrix reinforced with cellulose nanocrystal (CNC)-ZnO nanohybrids via simple solution casting for possible use as antibacterial biomedical materials is reported. The obtained nanocomposites exhibited an excellent antibacterial ratio of 95.2–100% for both types of bacteria namely S. aureus and E. coli and showed 9–15% degradation after one week. The addition of CNC-ZnO showed a positive effect on hydrophilicity and barrier properties. More significantly, the nanocomposites with 10wt% CNC-ZnO showed enhancement in tensile strength (140.2%), Young’s modulus (183.1%), and the maximum decomposition temperature (Tmax) value increased by 26.1°C. Moreover, this study has provided a possible mechanism for using such nanofillers on the hydrolytic degradation of PHBV, which was beneficial to obtain the high-performance nanocomposites with modulated degradation rate for antibacterial biomaterials.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0144861717309281

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