5 years ago

Dynamics of Shape-Persistent Giant Molecules: Zimm-like Melt, Elastic Plateau, and Cooperative Glass-like

Dynamics of Shape-Persistent Giant Molecules: Zimm-like Melt, Elastic Plateau, and Cooperative Glass-like
Ruimeng Zhang, Xueyan Feng, GengXin Liu, Dong Guo, Kening Lang, Stephen Z. D. Cheng, Shuguang Yang
Giant molecules are a new class of soft matter having three-dimensional (3D) shapes and composed of chemically linked rigid molecular nanoparticles. Structurally, a 3D cluster of molecular nanoparticles can be one giant molecule or a few giant molecules associated together via specific interactions. The dynamics of clusters that are smaller than a critical diameter (∼5 nm) presents a power law relaxation exponent of 0.7 at the high frequency region corresponding to segmental dynamics. Such scaling is similar to the result of the Zimm model although those clusters are neither chain-like nor in solution. Clusters that are larger than this critical diameter and formed by the association of giant molecules exhibit an elastic plateau due to caging of individual giant molecules. We hypothesize that clusters of such a large size cannot move as a whole, even above the glass transition temperature of the sample. They thus are “cooperative glass-like”. A structural cluster of giant molecules could be abstracted as a dynamical cluster consisting of unlinked but cooperatively mobile beads. As derived in the random first-order transition theory, the cluster loses its mobility and reaches the glassy state when the diameter of the cluster is 6 times larger than the bead diameter. In our cases, we estimate that the critical diameter for these clusters is also approximately 6 times the bead diameter based on the glassy shear modulus of giant molecules. Thus, shape-persistent giant molecules may serve as a bridge between polymers and colloids and a platform to mimic cooperative rearrangements.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.7b01058

DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.7b01058

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.