3 years ago

Co-production of hydrogen and carbon nanotubes from the decomposition/reforming of biomass-derived organics over Ni/α-Al2O3 catalyst: Performance of different compounds

Co-production of hydrogen and carbon nanotubes from the decomposition/reforming of biomass-derived organics over Ni/α-Al2O3 catalyst: Performance of different compounds
Four types of biomass-derived organics (toluene/1-methylnaphthalene/phenol/ethanol) were catalytically decomposed and steam reformed over Ni/α-Al2O3 for co-production of hydrogen and carbon nanotubes (CNTs). In the decomposition reaction, the oxygen functional group in phenol and ethanol promoted the co-production of hydrogen and CNTs, while a small amount of toluene and 1-methylnaphthalene were cracked to hydrogen and amorphous carbon. In the reforming reaction, the yields of hydrogen and CNTs sharply increased. More than 2000mmol/(g-cata∗h) of H2 and 260mg/(g-cata∗h) of CNTs were produced after the reforming of toluene and ethanol. However, 1-methylnaphthalene was difficult to be reformed and small amount of CNTs were formed. The organics with low molecular weight and low degree of unsaturation conduced to the formation of hydrogen and CNTs. The growth of CNTs on Ni/α-Al2O3 mainly follows the tip-growth mechanism. The diameter distribution of CNTs is not only influenced by Ni particle size, but also related to the different organics and steam addition.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0016236117310657

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