3 years ago

Effect of sonication and hydrogen peroxide oxidation of carbon nanotube modifiers on the microstructure of pitch-derived activated carbon foam discs

Effect of sonication and hydrogen peroxide oxidation of carbon nanotube modifiers on the microstructure of pitch-derived activated carbon foam discs
We used carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as modifying particles and potassium hydroxide as a porogen to prepare mesoporous pitch-derived activated carbon discs (ACD) with high surface areas. The parameters investigated in this study included the concentration of CNTs (1%, 2%, 3.5% and 5%), the dispersion of the CNTs in the pitch using a 750 W sonic probe, the oxidation of the CNTs with H2O2, and the aspect ratio of the CNTs. The highest surface area ACD was obtained with 2% oxidized CNTs dispersed in the pitch with the ultrasonic probe (ACD-2%-SO, SBET = 2089 m2 g−1). The ACDs prepared with the sonic probe and with 2 wt% or more of raw and oxidized CNTs exhibited larger mesopore volumes than those ACDs prepared with 1 wt% CNTs. A series of quench tests performed during the foaming process by withdrawal of the carbon from the tube furnace at 673 K, 773 K and 873 K revealed that mesopores in ACD develop at temperatures ranging from 773 K to 873 K, whereas micropores formed between 873 K and 1073 K. The adsorption capacities of N2 and CO2 on ACD-2%-SO were measured with a gravimetric apparatus at 298 K and 303 K at pressures up to 4000 kPa. The uptake of CO2 on ACD-2%-SO at a temperature of 298 K was 3.33 mol/kg at 100 kPa and 11.51 mol/kg at 3496 kPa.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0008622317308229

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.