5 years ago

Photoelectrochemical detection of copper ions by modulating the growth of CdS quantum dots

Photoelectrochemical detection of copper ions by modulating the growth of CdS quantum dots
We discovered that copper ions (Cu2+) catalyze the oxidation of cysteine (CSH) by oxygen (O2) to modulate the growth of CSH-capped cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanoparticles (NPs). This new chemical process was applied to sensitive fluorogenic and photoelectrochemical (PEC) detection of Cu2+ ions in real samples of mineral and tap water using the photocatalytic activity of the resulting NPs. Disposable screen-printed electrodes (SPCEs) modified with electroactive polyvinylpyridine bearing osmium complex (Os-PVP) by cyclic voltammetry (CV) were employed for PEC analytical system. CdS NPs formed during the assay photocatalyze oxidation of 1-thioglycerol (TG) upon application of 0.3 V vs. Ag/AgCl to SPCEs. Os-PVP complex mediated the electron transfer between the electrode surface and CdS NPs. We proved that our assays did not suffer from interference from other ions accompanying Cu2+ and the sensitivity of our assays covers the European Union standard limit of Cu2+ ions in drinking water.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0003267017308978

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