3 years ago

Visual and sensitive fluorescent sensing for ultratrace mercury ions by perovskite quantum dots

Visual and sensitive fluorescent sensing for ultratrace mercury ions by perovskite quantum dots
Mercury ions sensing is an important issue for human health and environmental safety. A novel fluorescence nanosensor was designed for rapid visual detection of ultratrace mercury ions (Hg2+) by using CH3NH3PbBr3 perovskite quantum dots (QDs) based on the surface ion-exchange mechanism. The synthesized CH3NH3PbBr3 QDs can emitt intense green fluorescence with high quantum yield of 50.28%, and can be applied for Hg2+ sensing with the detection limit of 0.124 nM (24.87 ppt) in the range of 0 nM–100 nM. Furthermore, the interfering metal ions have no any influence on the fluorescence intensity of QDs, showing the perovskite QDs possess the high selectivity and sensitivity for Hg2+ detection. The sensing mechanism of perovskite QDs for Hg2+ is has also been investigated by XPS, EDX studies, showing Pb2+ on the surface of perovskite QDs has been partially replaced by Hg2+. Spot plate test shows that the perovskite QDs can also be used for visual detection of Hg2+. Our research indicated the perovskite QDs are promising candidates for the visual fluorescence detection of environmental micropollutants.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0003267017307997

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